Room No. 109, First Floor
Nagapattinam 611 003
This fort was declared as a protected monument by the Department of Archaeology, Government of Tamilnadu in 1977 ADThe Danes constructed fortifications on the coast at Tranquebar. This was the only busy trade centre on the Coromandal coast for the Danes. This fort was a busy trade centre till 1845 AD when the Danes handed over the fort to the English. It was used as a Public Works Department Travellers Bungalow for government servants and colonials till 1977 AD.
Two Acre Land Assignment
India, being a Country with predominantly rural economy, agricultural land plays a vital role in providing livelihood to the majority of rural population in this Country. Out of the total work force in the Country 41% depend on agriculture and land related livelihoods in this Country. In Andhra Pradesh 70% of population depend on agriculture and land related activities for their livelihood. Therefore Land and its ownership will be a matter of utmost importance to the majority of rural population in the state, especially to the poorer sections of the society. In view of this, it is necessary to have a basic understanding of Land Administration in the State.
Today's land administration consists of three basic units.
- Survey Settlement Department deals with demarcation of boundaries of individual holdings, measurement and classification.
- The Revenue Department deals with maintenance of land records, land administration, fixation of land revenue demand and mainly collection of land revenue from the land holders.
- Registration Department deals with registration of land transactions relating to immoveable properties (Land, Site and Building). These three departments are existing in every State of India. Their composition, powers, functions
SURVERY AND SETTLEMENT
- The main purpose is to prepare accurate record of all holdings in a village. Survey department prepares village maps and Field Measurement Books.
- The procedure by which the assessment is determined. Is styled as "Settlement of Land Revenue"
Before going to the main subject of assignment of Government lands, it is pertinent to know about the history and evolution of the Board of Revenue before and after Independence.
In the Andhra Area, the origin of the Board of Revenue takes us back to the Presidency of Madras, in the Madras State. The Board of Revenue was formed on 20th June, 1786, with the sanction of the Court of Directors of the East India Company. The powers and the mode of carrying on the business of the Board are contained in Regulation 1 of 1803. As time went on, the powers and functions of the Board of Revenue increased by several subsequent Regulations. It became more powerful body in the administration.
In the Telangana Area, the supervision over the District Administration was in the hands of four Regional Commissioners called Subedars until the establishment of Hyderabad Board of Revenue vide Regulations 1358 Fasli (1949).
After the formation of State of Andhra Pradesh, the Government acting under Section 122 of the States Reorganisation Act issued G.O.Ms.No.1270, Revenue Department dated.3-7-1957 specifying among other things, the Board of Revenue, functioning in Andhra area immediately before 1-11-1956 as the competent authority to exercise functions exercisable under the Hyderabad Board of Revenue Regulations of 1358 Fasli. Thus the Unified Board of Revenue functioned for the entire State from 1-11-1956 till the replacement of 4 Unified Board of Revenue by Commissioners vide A.P. Board of Revenue (Replacement by Commissioners) Act, 1977. Thereafter the Commissioners are appointed in the place of Revenue Board Members.
The scheme of distribution of 2 acres of waste lands to the families of landless poor agriculturalists The lands are assigned free of cost after reclamation wherever necessary for helping the poor agricultural families under the following 3 categories
- Assignable poramboke land free from encroachment
- Assignable poramboke land encroached upon by landless marginal and small farmers
- Patta waste lands of small farmers to be developed/reclaimed.
- Landless Agriculture families whose Annual income is less than Rs.16,000/-
- Priority will be given to poorest of the poor SC or STs residents of villages.
- Marginal and small farmers encroaching the Assignable Government poramboke land.
- Marginal and Small farmers having uncultivable patta waste land and come forward for reclamation