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Fisheries University

Joint Director [Fisheries]
Fisheries Department
Public Office Road
Velipalayam
Nagapattinam

[4365]-247721

TOLL FREE HELP LINE
1093

Tourism Plays a Key Economy for the District even though Agriculture and Fishing are the Major ones. Shrines, Places of Hindu Faith, Mosques forms the Spritual Tourism for the district. Annual Festivals and functions marks glory of the Year. Heritages like Tarangam padi Fort, Poompuhar speaks of the rich civilization of this land.

One of the major economies of the District, Agriculture contributes a higher share of Rice Production in the State. We have raised so many important agricultural crop in our District. Rice, Groundnut, Pulses, Gingelly, Sugarcane and Cotton.

FISHERIES

Marine Fishing

Fisheries, The Economic backbone of this coastal District. Having a long coastal area, This District plays a major role in marine commodities. The marine ecosystem provides mankind with food, medicines, industrial products and pleasure. This ecosystem has to be maintained in a healthy state, if it is to provide people the benefits in a sustained manner. Natural, healthy ecosystems have evolved over millions of years, resulting in complex interactions of the environment and all the species living in them. Such interactions allow the optimal utilization of the ecosystem resources by a maximum number of species that includes the human beings. The waters along the Bay of Bengal coast of India are biologically very productive and possess several unique environmental features. However, little is known on the marine biodiversity resources along the Bay of Bengal coast near Sirkali Taluk, Nagapattinam District (Tamilnadu State). Numerous industries, chemical factories and aquaculture farms are also developing along this coast, which already threatens the mangrove forests and marine life along the coast in Sirkali Taluk. It is essential to s cientifically understand

The interactions between biodiversity and the environment in these waters, in order to conserve and protect the ecosystems for future generations. The Bay of Bengal coast where the proposed project site (Sirkali Taluk, Nagapattinam District), is located in Tamilnadu State, lies in the monsoon belt and receives high rainfall. In near-shore areas, the mixing of nutrient rich bottom waters and warm surface waters creates conditions similar to up-welling and the number and intensity of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal are likely to increase due to global warming. The input of freshwater and silt impacts the salinity of the coastal and estuarine waters as well as coastal circulation patterns. Some coastal areas serving as nursery grounds for commercially valuable species of prawns are polluted. The areas of critical biological diversity are the mangrove rich habitat along the coast of Nagapattinam District. Catamaran is a light watercraft and is named from the Tamil language words kaTTu 'tie' and maram 'wood, tree': simply two trees tied together.

The catamaran was the invention of the paravas, an aristocratic fishing community in the southern coast of Tamilnadu State, south India. Building a catamaran is a community affair in small fishing villages and it’s a decentralized labor-absorbing activity. This also helps distressed people be occupied in creative ways. The traditional coastal-fishing is considered a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

The Guidelines

Fisherfolk here have been instructed to carry Auto- Identification System enabled-Gl'S devices in fishing boats to facilitate easy tracking and rescue in the event of technical snags in mid-sea. This forms part of the slew of advisories issued by the Department of Fisheries in the light of the recent attacks on fisherfolk and incidents of missing fishermen. Fisherfolk have been strictly instructed not to breach the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) and outstation trawlers required to seek anchor permission from the Department of Fisheries to drop anchor within Nagapattinam waters. The advisories have also come in the wake of northeast monsoon that throws up incidents of boat capsize each year. Fishing boats have been advised to carry a radio in order to keep tab of monsoon advisories and return ashore in the event of cyclone warning. Fishing boats should ensure life buoys and life jackets, along with emergency gadgets such as cell phones, battery lights, whistles and 1 white cloth for signalling SOS s before venturing into the sea. Trawlers are mandated to fly the tri-colour, and should host in bold black letters the registration numbers of the trawlers. Further, the trawler should host fluorescent orange paint allotted for the district on either side, up to a height of 1to 1.5feet. Fishermen are mandated to carry along identity cards. All fibre-reinforced boats and country boats shall be duly registered by the Department of Fisheries, and the registration certificates carried along while fishing. Additionally' all boats bought outside the district shall be produced before the Department for due process of registration before being put to fishing. Suspicious objects found on sea, or suspicious boats and persons found within the territorial waters shall be immediately communicated to the police and the Department of Fisheries. Fishermen are forbidden from taking along women and children into the sea. An advisory forbidding fishermen from venturing into search operations unilaterally on the lookout for missing boats in times of bad weather has also beeeen issued. Fishermen have been told to engage the coastal police and Department of Fisheries in search operations

Fish Marketing Societies (FMS)

Micro-Enterprise Development through SHGs

Fish Marketing Societies (FMS) and micro-enterprise development through SHGs will be promoted through a programme by International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD), banks and the government to address the livelihood needs of coastal communities. The Rs. 299-crore project will be spread over eight years and available for the six coastal districts of Nagapattinam, Villupuram, Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Cuddalore and Kanyakumari. Among them, Nagapattinam will receive about Rs. 48 crore for its projects.

Speaking to The Hindu, Project Officer, Magalir Thittam, who is also in-charge of the IFAD project, said that seven Cluster Resource Centres (CRC) would be set up in the seven coastal blocks of the district from October 16. These CRCs would be manned by a co-ordinator, a facilitator and a business promoter. NGOs would also be roped in to spread awareness among people and work with the government on various projects, Ms. Suryakala said. Two NGOs, Sevalaya and Society of DMI, had been identified as facilitating NGOs for the projects, she said. District Collector said that the emphasis would be on providing them employment and financial security through FMSs and by encouraging new micro-enterprises.

“We need to build self-reliant coastal communities who are resilient to shocks and can manage their livelihoods in a sustainable manner. This programme will provide these people means to achieve this end and also create infrastructure for sanitation, community development and enterprise development,” he said. While IFAD will provide nearly 44 per cent of the funds required, the rest will be obtained from banks and micro-finance institutions, and the government, with the beneficiary contributing 15 per cent of the total cost. The Rural Development Department, Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women, Revenue Department, and the departments of fisheries, agriculture and animal husbandry will provide support to the project.

Prawn Feed FarmING

It will reduce expenditure of prawn farm owners while providing employment in the district says Collector. Nearly 1,283 prawn farms are registered in Nagappattinam district and almost all of them depend on imported feed. The opening of Bismi Feeds will reduce the costs of prawn farm owners while also providing employment in the district, Collector M. Jayaraman said here on Saturday. Speaking at the inauguration of the plant at Perunthottam village in Sirkazhi taluk, the Collector said that the company should follow up on the Rs. 2-crore investment on the plant with investment in research to ensure quality control and protect the environment. “Boost entrepreneurial spirits”

He said that similar farms needed to be established to make prawns affordable in the domestic market. This would also boost the entrepreneurial spirit in the district, he added. S.A. Ali, Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), said that CIBA had tested the prawn feed and found that it reduced water pollution while increasing the rate of prawn growth.

Bismi Feeds, established in 2006, uses technology from CIBA under a private-public partnership (PPP) programme. S. Ali Hussain, managing director, Bismi Feeds, said that 85 per cent of prawn feed was being supplied by a single multinational company, while the rest was supplied by an Indian company using foreign technology. The company has a production capacity of 3,000 tonnes per year, while the total requirement for the state was 12,000-16,000 tonnes a year.

S. Ayyappan, deputy director-general, Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), presented the first packet of the feed to the Collector, who accepted it on behalf of the farm owners. He later distributed packets of the feed to the farm owners. CIBA director A.G. Ponniah, K. Ambashankar, and Assistant Director, Fisheries, P. Umakanthan, participated.